The increase in German road tolls (Lkw-Maut) was approved last month by the German Parliament and the German Federal Council.
Truck toll must be extended with a CO₂ surcharge, moreover, the toll limit will be reduced from 7.5 to >3.5 tonnes.
In order to go further let’s make a few preliminary remarks to the MAUT toll in Germany:
- Vehicles concerned: Initially, the MAUT toll was mainly applied to heavy vehicles with a total weight of more than 7.5 tons. Light vehicles, including private vehicles, were not subject to this toll.
- Roads subject to tolls: MAUT was generally applied to selected federal highways and some selected federal roads in Germany. Local roads were not involved in the toll system.
- Criteria for calculating charges: the MAUT toll was based on the distance travelled and the CO₂ emissions of the vehicle. More polluting vehicles were subject to higher tolls.
- Payment systems: drivers of heavy vehicles had to register and pay the toll by means of various technical systems, such as devices on board or online registration. Payment could be made on the basis of kilometres travelled or through a fixed fee.
According to official sources of the field of the Transports the new rates will come into force from 1st December 2023 and the new German system of toll “MAUT” will not apply more only to the heavy vehicles. The increase of the road toll will be connected also to the presence of CO₂ and the polluting emissions. The vast majority of vehicles will fall into CO₂ emission class 1, which is also the most expensive.
Class 1 of CO₂ emissions will cover:
- all vehicles of Euro 0 – Euro V classes;
- all Euro VI vehicles registered before July 2019;
- most Euro VI vehicles registered for the first time after July 2019.
Toll Collect is the name of the German Federal Financial Supervisory Authority (BaFin) in charge of the toll-collection and application, which will classify all vehicles in the CO emission class 1. Owners of Euro VI vehicles registered for the first time after July 2019 must check whether their vehicle can achieve a better classification, using the emission class detector Toll Collect.
Gas vehicles (CNG/LNG) will continue to benefit from the exemption of the German Lkw-Maut until 31 December 2023. Starting from 17 January 2024 these vehicles will be subject to the full fare according to the respective emission class Euro.
Note also the change regarding the classification of vehicles according to their weight class. In fact, since December 1, 2023 the basis for classification in weight classes will no longer be the maximum permissible vehicle weight (MPW), but the technically permissible total mass, that is the one displayed on the registration certificate in the field F.1 rather than F.2.
Thus, in essence, some vehicles that were previously exempted may become subject to toll payment, or fall into another category of toll.
These toll adjustments will inevitably affect the world of freight forwarders, not by coincidence freight transportation and logistics companies will have to pay a surcharge per tonne of CO₂.
As customer of Sogedim SpA, you can count on our multi-modal specialization and experience in the transport sector, in over 50 countries.
Wissing, Federal Minister for Transport and Digital Infrastructure of Germany, in its proposal with these tolls adjustments intends to achieve “a moderate increase in tariffs in order to finance German infrastructure in the future”.
The main objectives indicated by the Government in the Maut toll increasement are three:
- promoting the ecological transition to vehicles with a lower environmental impact;
- improving road conditions;
- Sharing costs with the users who bear the greatest burden on infrastructure.
“Pronti per il 55%” refers to the EU target to reduce net greenhouse gas emissions by at least 55% within 2030.
From 2026, to zero emission trucks will only be charged 25% of the normal rate. Reaching the ambitious CO₂ standards proposed by the EU will only be possible with a rapid and massive market uptake of zero- and low-emission trucks.
Further information will be spread as soon as available.
Government sourcers: IRU – BGL